Analysis & Publications

2019 2018 2017 2016

event Published in: November

Porno, Algoritmi e Tordimatti!

A special event to annount! in Italian language. We tried a new format, looking forward to replicate.

event Published in: October

KiKK - The resistance against algorithm monopoly

How many of your information comes from Youtube or Facebook? Internet is born as a decentralized network of knowledge and technologies, but nowadays, two corporations become our cultural reality. This talk will try to make understand the power exerted by the online platforms. As society, we are not following it, seeing it, fear it, and then regulate and adjudicated. Claudio Agosti will talk about, a free software project means to enable people in understanding, play, and criticize how algorithms interfere with reality's perception.

event Published in: October

World Forum Democracy

Social media are at the core of information nowadays. This lab will tackle the pressing issue that is quality control of shared information in social media, through monitoring and accountability mechanism mainly. How can we use social media as an ally for critically assessing topical subjects? How do we hold them accountable for the information that goes through them? Is social media moderation and freedom of expression compatible? -- Leonardo Sanna has been a contract doctoral student at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (Italy) since November 2018, where he has been working on the analysis of Big Data from a semiotic perspective. His research focuses on a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods for social media analysis. Currently, he is studying, on Facebook, the two phenomena known as 'filter bubble' and 'echo chamber'. In particular, he works on the data of the FBTREX group.

event Published in: September

Beyond Future design

Accountability and AI

article Extrenal resource Author: Alex Fanta Published in: July

Facebook's Algorithm Shapes Our Lives. This Hacker Wants to Find Out How.

Netzpolitik interview to Claudio Agosti on the Tracking Exposed project and plan

link Published in: June

algorithm exposed: Youtube — DMI UvA Summer School

a dozen of scholars try to measure how YouTube algorithm personalize the 'related' video list

See also: Final report

link Extrenal resource Author: DATACTIVE Published in: May

when corporation pretend to help: Why we need data activism

The statement on the EU19 tracking exposed project website portrays why academic research should not be delimited by corporate conditions for research only; we should engage in independent critical research to platforms that important for our online public democratic spaces.

See also: ALEX blogpost

article Extrenal resource Author: Alex Fanta Published in: May Language: German

Facebooks Algorithmus formt unser Leben. Dieser Hacker will herausfinden wie.

Netzpolitik interview to Claudio Agosti on the Tracking Exposed project and plan

link Extrenal resource Author: Privacy International Published in: May

Data Exploitation in the Italian Elections

An inclusion of our analysis into a collection of tools to asses misinformation in electoral campaigns

link Extrenal resource Author: Berlin DSSG

Datathon organized with berlin Data Science Social Good

data scientists analyzing one year of fbtrex data. We did a privacy assessment and defined minimization and confidentiality agreement, as collaborator of the project for the time of the experiment. They

article Extrenal resource Author: Paola Pietrandrea Published in: April Language: French

Devoiler Les Algorithmes Pour Sortir De Nos Bulles

The personalization algorithms used by social networks induce a segregation effect. In this post, the journalist assemble and analyze few articles of ours, and integrate with answers from Claudio, Umberto, Stefania and Federico.

article Published in: May

Popping the Bubble

Don't delete your facbook profile - give it to science. An essay explaining vision, results and goals

Authors: Umberto Boschi, Federico Sarchi

article Published in: February

Personalization algorithms and elections: breaking free of the filter bubble

Personalisation algorithms allow platforms to carefully target web content to the tastes and interests of their users. They are at the core of social media platforms, dating apps, shopping and news sites. In this Op-ed on Internet Policy Review we share the project vision.

Authors: Stefania Milan and Claudio Agosti

video Published in: February

Transmediale: Affects Ex-Machina: Unboxing Social Data Algorithms

Conventional media have long filtered information and influenced public opinion. In the age of social media, this process has become algorithmic and targeted, separating the whole of society into thousands of small filter bubbles that construct collective orientations and pilot viral phenomena. This panel examines how machine learning and obscure algorithms analyze and manipulate individual affects into political sentiments, eventually amplifying class, gender, and racial bias ― with Claudio Agosti, Ariana Dongus, Nayantara Ranganathan, Caroline Sinders. Organized by KIM | HfG Karlsruhe

See also: Video

event Published in: February

How to unmask and fight online manipulation

at the EDPS working group against misinformation. We highlight how research can use it and assess proper responsibilities to the actors in the misinformation chain. Platform are not neutral, we were looking how algorithm affects the information flows.

event Published in: January

CPDP - Safeguarding elections an international problem with no international solution

Coordinated by TacticalTech. ― There is a growing body of research into data-driven elections world-wide and the international nature of the data and elections industry has been highlighted: from international platforms, to strategists in one country advising political groups in another, to paid targeted ads across borders. ― Ailidh Callander, Claudio Agosti, Paul Bernal, Victoria Peuvrelle

See also: Video

event Published in: January

PrivacyCamp - Towards real safeguards: Data driven political campaigns and EU election

This panel aims to evaluate potential preventive mechanisms such as Facebook algorithmic transparency around online political targeting, EU Commission’s Action Plan against Disinformation, awareness raising on current and future campaigning practices, as well as efforts to protect media pluralism and freedom. ― With Fanny Hidvegi, Elda Brogi, Claudio Agosti, Josh Smith and Eleonora Nestola

link Published in: January

Facebook algorithm analysis during the European Election: a campaign

Our goal and experiment were to build a replicable campaign. Researchers or activist are invited to reach out to us; we can help in replicate the campaign in times of conflicts, electoral campaign, or general observation on how forces distort the perception of the public debate.

See also: Action plan wrote in November 2018


Facebook Algorithm Exposed, DMI UvA Winter School

An experiment with a dozen of scholars, in keeping bots alive, test algorithm, see and play with data

Authors: Giovanni Rossetti, Bilel Benbouzid, Davide Beraldo, Giulia Corona, Leonardo Sanna, Iain Emsley, Fatma Yalgin, Hannah Vischer, Victor Pak, Mathilde Simon, Victor Bouwmeester, Yao Chen, Sophia Melanson, Hanna Jemmer, Patrick Kapsch, Claudio Agosti, Jeroen de Vos

See also: slides

article Extrenal resource Author: Par Martin Untersinger et Pauline Croquet Published in: January Language: French

Réseaux sociaux, données personnelles, algorithmes… comment inventer un futur numérique plus radieux ?

A generalist/technological article from/for Lemond, written by two journalists at the CCC (see below)


video Published in: December

CCC — Analyze the Facebook algorithm and reclaim algorithm sovereignty

Facebook monopoly is an issue, but looking for replacements it is not enough. We want to develop critical judgment on algorithms, on why data politics matter and educate, raise awareness for a broad audience.

See also: slidesvideo

paper Published in: November

Fairness in online social network timelines: Measurements, models and mechanism design

(PEVA) Performance Evaluation 2018. DOI:10.1016/j.peva.2018.09.009

Authors: Eduardo Hargreaves, Claudio Agosti, Daniel Menasche, Giovanni Neglia, Alexandre Reiffers-Masson, and Eitan Altman

paper Published in: October

Biases in the Facebook News Feed: a Case Study on the Italian Elections

Fosint-SI 2018, in conjunction with ASONAM 2018, Proceedings of the 2018 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining

Authors: Eduardo Hargreaves, Claudio Agosti, Daniel Menasche, Giovanni Neglia, Alexandre Reiffers-Masson, and Eitan Altman

See also: DOI

paper Published in: July Language: Brazilian

Visibilidade no Facebook: Modelos, Medições e Implicações

Proceedings of the Brazilian Workshop on Social Network Analysis and Mining

Authors: Brasnam, Eduardo Hargreaves, Daniel Sadoc Menasché, Giovanni Neglia, and Claudio Agosti

See also: Paper

paper Published in: July

Italian political election and digital propaganda

TacticalTech publish a report written by Claudio Agosti and Fabio Chiusi

See also: Open data

paper Extrenal resource Author: WebFoundation Published in: April Language: English, Spanish

The invisible curation of content | Facebook’s News Feed and our information diets

WebFoundation released a report produced by a joint collaboration; We performed a test in Argentina, release open data and analysis of six profiles run by us. The experiment was meant to measure the algorithm influence on the perception of public debate.

Authors: Renata Ávila, Juan Ortiz Freuler and Craig Fagan. Claudio Agosti and the Facebook Tracking Exposed team

See also: Open data

link Published in: April Language: Italian

Italian election 2018, our research output

An original analysis with profiles under our control. A fascinating series of discovery on how to measure the algorithm space. This is the same analysis we will talk about in the following 10 months page, because iconic, insightful, and pretty hard to coordinate.

Authors: Federico Sarchi, Claudio Agosti, Costantino Carugno, Barbara Gianessi, Riccardo Coluccini, Raffaele Angus, Laura Boschi, Gianluca Oldani, Umberto Boschi, Manuel d’Orso


event Published in: November

World Forum Democracy — Bursting social media eco chambers

The lab will examine the detrimental effects of social media filter bubbles and algorithms and will explore solutions to make readers more aware of their reading habits and help them to integrate different worldviews.

See also: Laboratory: two pages final report

article Published in: October

Could populism be a side effect of the Personalized Algorithm?

A rampant speculation in the title, and a more rational analysis on how to display impact of algorithms to social media users.

video Published in: July

SHA2017 — Exposing what Facebook wants you to see

A talk about our early version of fbTREX, after 1 year of existence

See also: Slides

article Published in: May

Facebook algorithm and impact on media: French election experiment #1

for the first time we used bots, or, dummy—profiles—under—our—control to test the algorithm discrimination.

Authors: Claudio Agosti, Raffaele Angus

article Extrenal resource Author: Andrea Gentili Published in: April

The algorithm medley: explaining

At the International Journalism Festival, their magazine covered the talk (see below)

event Published in: April

Panel discussion "exposing what Facebook wants you to see"

International Journalism Festival, Perugia

Authors: Renata Avila, Federico Sarchi, Claudio Agosti

See also: Video

article Extrenal resource Author: Sanne Terlingen Published in: March Language: Dutch

Deze tool checkt of Facebook écht de verkiezingen beïnvloedt

Netherland elections were our first public experiment. Has been partially a failure because we understood how different are profiles around the social network. This, and the language barrier, made any analysis not insightful enough to be reported.

event Published in: January

Torino Hack Night

Toolbox Coworking, Turin

Authors: Constantino Carugno, Gilberto Conti


event Published in: November project announcement

At c-base, Berlin, one of the first video of fbTREX in the wild, when the beta version was beginning

See also: Web slides


We got the first logo(s)

Luca Corsato built opensensorsdata (OSD) with Andrea Raimondi and Simone Cortesi. They been the first very sponsor of Tracking Exposed. Among other helps, the day before the presentation Luca sent the first logo. Yet already declined for Twitter and Youtube.

event Published in: October (code show-off)

At the C-Base Hack'n'Tell, when Alberto won the monthly price, our new web-extension was released!

event Published in: October (project pitch)

At PyData the very first presentation of Alberto, when he started to develop the new web-extension

Authors: Alberto Granzotto

video Published in: September

a GIF!!

An animated gif explaining our project, alpha stage (RARE! don't watch it too much)

Authors: Michele Invernizzi, Density Design of Politecnico Milan

event Published in: September Language: Italian

Cyber Resistance in 2016 consist in doing algorithm reversing!

This is the project inception to the public! The original title was complete by saying 'not encryption anymore', but might sounds misleading. Encryption is a fundamental element for protection, simply, the impact of social media in our perception of reality is unmeasured, subtle, and potentially scaring. But is not for fear this call, is because, with centralization, we lose as individual the ability to control our own algorithm. P.S. Despite this is first appearance of the project in public, the very first birthday was here: !

Authors: Claudio Agosti